Difference between hearing and listening

Difference between hearing and listening

Someone rightly said: "Hearing passes through the ears, but listening through the mind." The two hearing and listening activities involve the use of the ears, but they are different. Hearing is nothing more than a sense that helps you receive sound waves and noise from your ears. the power to perceive sounds.

On the contrary, listening takes place when you receive the sound waves and understand them by paying close attention to the words and phrases of the speaker. the ability of a person to receive and correctly interpret the message transferred from the other party in the communication process.

For many people these two activities are one, but the truth is that the difference between listening and listening is vital. so take a look at this article to fully understand the terms.

Comparative chart

Basis for the comparison hearing Listening
Sense Hearing refers to the ability to perceive sounds, receiving vibrations through the ears. Listen to something done consciously, which involves analyzing and understanding the sounds you hear.
What is it? an ability an ability
Nature Primary and continuous Secondary and temporary
act Physiological Psychological
involves Receiving the message through the ears. Interpretation of the message received from the ears.
Processes Passive body process Active mental process
It occurs at Subconscious level Conscious level
Use of the senses Only one More than one
reasoning We are neither aware nor have any control over the sounds we hear. We listen to gain knowledge and receive information.
Concentration Not required necessary

Definition of Hearing

The natural ability or an innate trait that allows us to recognize sound through the ears by capturing vibrations called hearing. In simple terms, one of the five senses; this makes us aware of the sound. an involuntary process, in which a person continuously receives sound vibrations.

The hearing capacity of a normal human being ranges from 20 to 20,000 Hertz, called audio or sonic. Any frequency above and below the specified range known as ultrasonic and infrasonic respectively.

Definition of listening

Listening defined as the learned ability, in which we can receive sounds through the ears and transform them into meaningful messages. Put simply, the process of listening and diligently interpreting the meaning of the words and phrases spoken by the speaker during the conversation.

Listening a little difficult, because it requires concentration and attention and the human mind is easily distracted. People use it as a technique to understand, what is said, through different verbal and non-verbal signs, what is it said? What kind of words used? Tone and tone of voice, body language and so on.

Listening activates the key element; makes the communication process effective. In addition, it includes creating sounds that show the listener's attention and provide feedback. It has had a greater influence in our lives and used to get information, learn and understand things and so on.

Key differences between hearing and listening

The following points are fundamental regarding the difference between hearing and listening

  1. The ability of an individual to perceive sounds, receiving vibrations through the ears, called hearing. Listen to something done consciously, which involves analyzing and understanding the sounds you hear.
  2. Hearing of a primary and continuous nature, that is, the first and most important stage is listening, followed by listening and occurs continuously. On the other hand, temporary listening, since we cannot continuously pay attention to something for long hours.
  3. Physiological hearing, which through one of our senses in living organisms. On the contrary, listening to a (conscious) psychological act.
  4. While listening to a passive body process that does not involve the use of the brain. Unlike listening, an active mental process, which involves using the brain to derive meaning from words and sentences.
  5. The hearing involves receiving the message through the ears. On the contrary, listening includes the interpretation of the message received from the ears.
  6. Hearing is an innate skill, but listening is an acquired skill.
  7. In hearing, we are not aware of the sounds we receive, however in the case of listening, we are fully aware of what the speaker is saying.
  8. Hearing implies the use of only one sense, ie ears. On the contrary, listening implies the use of more than one sense, for example eyes, ears, touch, etc. To understand the message completely and accurately.
  9. At the hearing, we are neither aware of nor have any control over the sounds we hear. On the other hand, in listening, we are aware of what the other person is saying and so we listen to acquire knowledge and receive information.
  10. Listening does not require attention while listening does it.


So with the discussion, it is quite clear that I am listening to him one step ahead of the hearing. I simply listen to the ability to listen, that is, natural or given by God, yet I listen to an acquired ability, which only few people have. While involuntary hearing is performed effortlessly, listening intentionally, in which we are selective and pay attention only to those messages, we believe are important to us.